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Fleet Conversion

Many Connecticut towns and cities have already begun to replace their vehicle fleets with electric vehicles. PACE has created an initial spreadsheet listing municipalities with EVs in their fleets, the type of EV, its use and how it was funded. If your town has EVs not listed here, please contact us.

Here are some compelling reasons to replace internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles with electric vehicles (EVs):

l. Environmental Benefits:

    • Reduced Emissions: EVs produce zero tailpipe emissions, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving air quality. This helps municipalities meet environmental regulations and climate goals.
    • Lower Noise Pollution: EVs are quieter than ICE vehicles, reducing noise pollution in urban areas, contributing to a more pleasant living environment.

2. Cost Savings:

    • Lower Operating Costs: EVs typically have lower fuel costs compared to gasoline or diesel vehicles. Electricity is cheaper and more stable in price compared to fossil fuels.
    • Reduced Maintenance: EVs have fewer moving parts than ICE vehicles, leading to lower maintenance costs. There’s no need for oil changes, and brake wear is reduced due to regenerative braking systems.

3. Energy Efficiency:

    • Higher Efficiency: EVs are more energy-efficient than ICE vehicles. They convert a higher percentage of the energy from the battery to power the wheels, making them more efficient and cost-effective in the long run.

4. Energy Independence and Resilience:

    • Local Energy Use: Using locally produced electricity for EVs can reduce dependence on imported fuels. Municipalities can also invest in renewable energy sources like solar or wind to power their fleets, enhancing energy security.
    • Grid Stability: EVs can be integrated into smart grids, and with Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) technology, they can help balance demand and supply, potentially providing backup power during emergencies.

5. Public Health and Safety:

    • Improved Air Quality: By reducing pollutants such as nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM), EVs contribute to better public health outcomes, reducing the incidence of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
    • Enhanced Safety Features: Many EVs come equipped with advanced safety features and technologies, contributing to safer municipal fleet operations.


Transitioning to EVs not only aligns with sustainability goals but also offers practical and financial advantages for municipalities, fostering healthier, more resilient communities.

Taking Action on Fleet Conversion

  1. By now your town should have a clean fleet transportation plan in place. Look to this for guidance.
  2. Review the vehicle fleet replacement schedule. As internal combustion engine vehicles (ICE) age out, be prepared to replace them with an EV. Make certain to consider EV charging needs along with EV purchases. Also, work with school bus providers to work on transitioning school buses to electric. Learn more at the Electric School Bus Initiative.
  3. Talk to towns that already have EVs about the types of vehicles that they own. See Spreadsheet.
  4. Consider which EV makes and models will work best for your purposes.
  5. Know what grants and other funding opportunities are available. Your COG may be a helpful resource in providing up-to-date funding information.
  6. Replace the vehicles as opportunities arise.

Taking Action





>Vehicle Inventory

>Transp. Infrastructure Assmt.


>Transportation Plan

>Funding Options



>Policy Making






>Town Fleet Assessment

>VMT Assessment

>EV Chargers Siting Assessment

>Vehicle Replacement Schedule

>VMT and Idling Reduction Plan

>Funding Options

>Charging Station Installation

>Fleet Conversion

>Employee Training

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