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Policy Making

By adopting various written policies, towns can create a regulatory and incentive framework that supports and encourages the adoption of electric vehicles, public transportation, and active transportation options. Towns should follow the CT DOT‘s lead and work to ensure that every transportation-related project “includes a focus on pedestrian and bicyclist facilities and public transportation operations to create stronger intermodal transportation networks and improve safety.” Madison, CT is one example of a town in CT that has adopted a Complete Streets policy.

Below are some ideas to get started.

Action

Here are some specific written policies a town can adopt to encourage the use of electric vehicles (EVs), public transportation, and active transportation:

Electric Vehicles (EVs)

  1. EV Infrastructure Policy:
    • Mandate: Require new residential and commercial developments to include EV charging infrastructure.
    • Funding: Allocate municipal funds for the installation of public EV charging stations.
    • Zoning: Amend zoning laws to allow for and encourage the installation of EV charging stations in various locations.
  2. EV Incentive Policy:
    • Purchase Incentives: Offer local tax rebates or credits for residents and businesses that purchase or lease electric vehicles.
    • Parking Incentives: Provide free or reduced-fee parking permits for electric vehicle owners in municipal lots and parking structures.
  3. Fleet Transition Policy:
    • Municipal Fleet: Set a target for the municipality to transition a certain percentage of its vehicle fleet to electric vehicles by a specific date.
    • Procurement Policy: Establish procurement guidelines that prioritize the purchase of electric vehicles for all municipal departments.

 

Public Transportation

  1. Public Transportation Improvement Policy:
    • Service Frequency: Implement a minimum service frequency standard for local public transportation routes.
    • Route Expansion: Identify underserved areas and expand public transportation routes to ensure comprehensive coverage.
  2. Affordable Public Transit Policy:
    • Subsidies: Provide subsidies to reduce fare costs for low-income residents, students, and seniors.
    • Fare Integration: Develop an integrated fare system that allows seamless transfers between different modes of public transport.
  3. Public Transportation Infrastructure Policy:
    • Transit-Oriented Development (TOD): Amend zoning regulations to encourage high-density, mixed-use development near transit hubs.
    • Dedicated Bus Lanes: Designate specific lanes for buses to improve efficiency and reliability of bus services.

 

Active Transportation (Walking and Biking)

  1. Active Transportation Infrastructure Policy:
    • Bike Lanes: Require the inclusion of protected bike lanes in all major road projects.
    • Sidewalks: Mandate the construction and maintenance of sidewalks in all new residential and commercial developments.
  2. Safety and Accessibility Policy:
    • Traffic Calming: Implement traffic calming measures such as speed bumps, raised crosswalks, and reduced speed limits in residential areas and near schools.
    • Crosswalks and Signals: Require the installation of pedestrian crosswalks and signals at all major intersections and near public facilities.
  3. Active Transportation Incentive Policy:
    • Bike Sharing Programs: Establish and subsidize bike-sharing programs throughout the town.
    • Employer Incentives: Offer tax incentives to employers who provide facilities for cyclists, such as bike racks, showers, and lockers.

 

General Policies

  1. Sustainability and Climate Action Policy:
    • Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets: Set specific targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.
    • Sustainability Criteria: Incorporate sustainability criteria into all transportation planning and project approval processes.
  2. Public Awareness and Education Policy:
    • Awareness Campaigns: Fund and support public awareness campaigns to educate residents about the benefits of EVs, public transportation, and active transportation.
    • Community Engagement: Establish a task force or committee to engage with the community and gather input on transportation policies and initiatives.

Electric Vehicles

Transit & Ride Sharing

ICE Driver Education

Active Transportation

Taking Action

Townwide

STUDY

PLAN

DO

>Vehicle Inventory

>Transp. Infrastructure Assmt.

>

>Transportation Plan

>Funding Options

>

>Education

>Policy Making

>Installation

Municipal

STUDY

PLAN

DO

>Town Fleet Assessment

>VMT Assessment

>EV Chargers Siting Assessment

>Vehicle Replacement Schedule

>VMT and Idling Reduction Plan

>Funding Options

>Charging Station Installation

>Fleet Conversion

>Employee Training

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